bhutto, The Real Politician

Bhutto came into power when India intervened in December, defeating the Pakistani Army, and East Pakistan emerged as the state of Bangladesh. Yahya Khan resigned, and Bhutto was inaugurated as President and Chief Martial Law Administrator on December 20, 1971. He had been the first civilian Martial Law Administrator of Pakistan. For a brief period, Bhutto appointed General Gul Hassan as the Commander-in-chief of the then demoralized Pakistani Army. Bhutto’s era can be classified as “As president of Pakistan” and “As Prime minister of Pakistan”.

Bhutto as President:

Bhutto remained in president’s power from 1971 to 1973. during his presidency Bhutto undergone following activities.

Bhutto dismissed Gul Hassan in March 1972 and appointed General Tikka Khan as Chief of the Army Staff, who proved to be extremely loyal to Bhutto since he genuinely believed that the army should only perform its professional duties and not interfere in politics. Tikka Khan ensured that the army did not intrude in politics, which was greatly advantageous to Bhutto as it allowed him to enact his policies with the knowledge that the chances of a military coup had been eliminated.

Bhutto aimed to prevent further division of the country, by implementing socialist reforms. Nationalization of Pakistan’s major industries, life insurance companies, and private schools and colleges was the first step towards these reforms.

The Karachi Nuclear Power Plant was inaugurated by Bhutto during his role as President of Pakistan at the end of 1972. Long before, as Minister for Fuel, Power and National Resources, he has played a key role in setting up of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission. The Kahuta facility was also established by the Bhutto Administration.

Bhutto as Prime minister of Pakistan:

Bhutto worked as prime minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977. His era is entitled with many developments including national solidarity. Following are the important achievements of Bhutto’s era.

Bhutto lifted the martial law and pushed through a new constitution in 1973, resolving the major dispute of the powers of president and prime minister (the powers were laid in the office of the prime minister).

Although Bhutto established a parliamentary system, his view of democracy was, however, controversial. In 1975, he banned the main Opposition party, the National Awami Party (Wali) and arrested the leader of the Opposition Wali Khan.

(His special personal paramilitary force the Federal Security Force was accused of widespread abuses, targetting opposition and critics within the party with equal abandon. He also reintroduced emergency powers after the passage of the Constitution, muzzled the press and emasculated the judiciary. )

Bhutto remained neutral on international arena by withdrawing Pakistan from the British Commonwealth of Nations and from the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), sponsored by the United States. He also negotiated the Simla Agreement in July 1972, which confirmed a line of control dividing Kashmīr and prompted the withdrawal of Indian troops from Pakistani territory. In 1974, Bhutto hosted the second meeting of the Organization of the Islamic Conference in the city of Lahore. He used this forum to announce Pakistan’s official recognition of Bangladesh.

The Nagative Impact of Bhuto’s Nationalization Policy:

Bhutto integrated the national harmony, but on economic grounds his decision of socialist economic system had not been successful, even it placed some negative impact on the future economic progress. Bhutto’s nationalization broke some of the 22 families financially but several of them were also broken in body and spirit, with the result that they disposed off industaries that escaped nationalization or self-imposed a moratorium on new projects.

In fact Bhutto’s idea behind the nationalization of industries, banks and insurance companies etc was an effort to achieve full employment, but unluckily, Bhutto couldn’t maintain the circumstances in accordance with the requirements of the nationalized industries and thus the nationalized organiztions became less productive and more troubling.

Conclusion:

Having a detailed look of Bhutto’s era I conclude that he was the only learned politician ever in the history of Pakistan, he knew the best way to lead people. He had extraordinary good qualities of a good leader. The drawback in Bhutto’s management which I feel is his weakness in Administring and managing his own decisions.

REFERENCES

Pakistan Studies by Gul Shehzad Sarwar
Wikipedia

14 Responses

  1. Qurrat, u have written in detail on Mr. Bhutto but I think u should had to start him from his very earlier life,

    so with due apology, I am writing below some lines about his initial life and u may compile it and re-write.

    U have also not explained Dr. A.Q.KHAN. u think where u missed him, and add.
    Regards, Akhtar

    Bhutto was born in Larkana as the son of Sir Shah Nawaz Bhuto His mother was a Hindu, a naatch-girl (dancer) who never married Bhutto’s father. Bhutto’s given name at birth was Ghasi Ram and he was given the name of Zulfiqar Ali when Sir Shahnawaz had no other male heir.
    The young Bhutto was brought into the family at Larkana and trained in family traditions and basic Muslim education. His mother had originally been a mistress of Motilal Nehru – father of Jawarlal Nerhru – prior to becoming Sir Shahnawaz’s kaneez (kept woman).
    Z.A.Bhutto completed his early education in Bombai (now Mumbai) at the Cathedral and John Connon School. After completing his initial education, he went to the USA in 1947 to study at the University of Southern California, and later transferred to the University of California, Berkeley. He applied to Harvard and was accepted, but chose to stay at Berkeley. He was the first Asian student to be elected to the Berkeley Student Council. From Berkeley he earned a Graduation in political science in 1950, after which he went to Oxford and studied at Christ Church from where he graduated with honours. Following his time at Oxford, he was called to the bar at Lincoln,s Inn in 1953 (which had also been attended by ALLAMA IQBAL and MUHAMMAD ALI.JINNAH).

  2. for Khuram,

    Khuram when i came back from u 2day, i saw that u have been promoted urself a lot than before.
    u hv a mind ……… (i dont hv words to praise it)
    my prays are with u. u r representing the country all over the world very efficiently, as it is revealed after meeting with u.
    anyways, keep it up

  3. with all due respect to u Ms.Qurratulain, Mr.Bhutto’s biography would be incomplete if we dont include the following

    1. Bhutto nationalized only the industries of his political opponents and spared his supporters. In this way he economically broke the back of his opponets.

    2. Bhutto broke the country into two pieces. He was the one who said “Jo jayay ga dacca uss ki tangain torr di jayengi” (Whoever will go to Dacca will get broken legs) when there was opportunity of holding a National assembly meeting at dacca

    He was the one who said “Udher tum Idher hum” ( You rule there, we will rule here)

  4. my source “Who Owns Pakistan?” by Shahid-ur-Rehman.

    I am not motivated by any political agenda but i think u r the kind person who should have correct knowledge.

    I have a deep respect for you ma’am

  5. Good work!

  6. Assalamualaikum Miss Qurat
    i have given comments on Mr. Bhutto but i think u didnot like it, am saying this due to non-receipt of ur reply to my comments…
    anyways if u write on any topic then u should have to reply to comments….and u should honour the comments….
    bus yehi kehna thaa…. take care ALLAH HAFIZ

  7. @Akhtar

    Exrtremely sorry Sir, for not replying to your comment. Actually i’ve been too busy in some professional duties that i couldn’t write a single line. In fact i got some really good points to re write the issue, but unluckily i couldn’t have a single minute to put those points on paper even. Well, i ensure you that i’ll re write the issue in detail, but after getting free from these stringent schedules.

    Regards,

    @KM

    Sorry for late reply. I’ve mentioned the reason above. sorry for the inconvinience. I’ll re write this issue and surely answer to all your queries.

    Regards,

  8. Ok Miss Qurat, am sorry i wrote frm my mind without knowing by myself that u might be busy in ur professional activities…. but i thought that its too late to get ur comments….2day i hv been told by Khuram abt it too…..
    anyways thanks for ur comments, take care, am in hurry now to leave my office for home… see u take care
    ALLAH HAFIZ
    Mr. Khuram and Ms.Qurat…. its really good thing that people (like u) being busy in professioanl fields, are trying to give and are giving good/nice stuff to readers….really appriciable

  9. He was infact the democratic dictator. He was the reason that we lost East Pakistan. He was so hungary for power and seat that he managed to sacrifice East pakistan. Then Power hunger again was the reason that he rigged elections in 1977. That in the end lead to Marshal Law. All in all he destroyed the country all the way. From breaking it into two and then eventually leading the country into Martial Law. In the end he got the justice. I think he should have been hanged in 1971 after east Pakistan debacle.

  10. Dear Qurratulain,
    I read a bit about Bhutto`s on your website
    ie. Shah Nawaz Bhutto`s father Khuda Bux
    was a mechanic, but his son managed to go
    to UK to study and after coming back to India
    got a job with the nawab of jonagarh.
    1.How did he become Sir
    2.How did he become a landlord.
    3.Where did he get all the money and land.
    4.Any other info re. bhutto family
    Regards
    Mukhtar

  11. @Mukhtar,

    I don’t know where did on my blog you read all that! Read the whole post twice more and see if I myself or any commentator has said so!

    Anyways, I’ll soon be reworking on Bhutto, just after my approval of appearing in next CE! lolz!

  12. dear mam,
    salam

    i m a journo from Gujarat, India.after Banazir’s assassination , i was writing an article on her roots and his father’s connection with Gujarat, Junagadh, and i happen to see ur website and comments. Could it be possible for you to share any information you have regarding the subject.
    THNX
    RGRDS

  13. Well done Miss Qurrat. You have wriitten very good according to the situatoin.

    I have a question in my mind, the current situation is in the favor of Benazir Bhutto, every one is talking about her and you have completed that formulaty.

    Pakistanis are very emotional, they act according to the emotions, not the principles. We have lost many leaders in past. We should look forward. We have to forger her and do not waste our time because this act has diverted our attention.

    Our main problem is Dictatorship, restoration of Judiciary and many many more problems this is not our basic problem.

    I am not against B.B. but she was not in favor of Restoration of Judiciary because USA was not.

    For the sake of Allah please look forward and write some thind solid and facts about the betterment of Pakistan.

  14. The initial article and subsequent comments reflect the usual Sub Continent approach towards journalism and history.

    Rumors, gossip, half truths, blatant lies and innuendos are passed on as authentic historical facts and a gospel truth.

    Z A Bhutto’s name being Ghassi Ram was started as a smear campaign by Jamat e Islami’s Altaf Hassan Qureshi of Urdu Digest during 1970 election. Mind you, Bhutto was declared “Kafir” under a Fatwa by a load of Mullahs, led by Muft Mahmood. ( Yes Maulvi Fazlulrehman of JUI’s father).

    True, his mother was initially a concubine but later she became Sir Shah Nawaz’s “Mankuha”.

    Sir Shah Nawaz always regarded Z A as his legitimate son and never named him “Ghassi” or for that matter any “Other Ram”.
    SIr Shah Nawaz had another son by name of Sikander Ali Bhutto; not an obscure fact, had anyone bothered to check.

    Bhutto clan’s lands were granted by Nawab Wali Muhammed khan Laghari, a Chieftain during Talpur rule.

    Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto was in service of Nawab Of Junagarh and was quite influential.
    The Knighthood was awarded by British Sovereign for services rendered to the Empire as recommended by the Viceroy of India, not something to write home about.

    Mind you, during British Raj, illegitimate children had no property rights. Had there been a shadow of doubt about Z A Bhutto’s legitimacy, the rest of Bhutto Clan would have descended upon him like vultures.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: